Document Type : Article
Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Fatty liver contains a range of clinical symptoms, including the accumulation of fat in the liver cells and it varies from a simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. Using natural therapies has always been a great concern for such health-related diseases. Herein, nerol, as a natural monoterpene, was applied to treat nonalcoholic fatty liver-induced NMRI (Naval Medical Research Institute) mice. The assessment included histological studies of the liver along with measurement of biochemical parameters, including insulin, glucose, HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), Aspartate transaminase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), SOD (superoxide dismutase), and catalase. The results demonstrated that treatment with nerol (90 mg/kg) modified the fatty liver indices by significantly reducing the levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, LDL-C, glucose, and insulin (p <0.001) whereas this treatment notably increased the levels of liver antioxidant enzymes, and HDL-C (p <0.001). Nerol administration also improved the status of the liver tissue of the fatty liver condition. Therefore, nerol, in a dose-dependent mode, showed capability of improving nonalcoholic fatty liver and could offer a reliable remedy.